COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CURRICULA OF THREE COUNTRIES: PAKISTAN, ROMANIA, AND MALAYSIA

  • Sadia Suleman Khan
  • Gulab Khan
  • Aliya Ayub

Abstract

This analytical paper presents findings from comparison of current Pakistani curriculum with the curricula of Malaysia and Romania and their implications for future curricular practices in Pakistan. The curricula of the three countries have been viewed from the perspectives of 10 guiding curricular components – scope, sequence, continuity, articulation, balance, self-sufficiency, significance, interest, utility, and feasibility; in addition to other parameters such as curriculum development and change processes. The implications for future curriculum practices include: the inclusion of local cultural values, wisdom, stories, songs, art, music, peace education, literature, in the curriculum; a balance between art education and science education; matching the expectations of the curriculum and the society with the existing realities and available resources; survey of the needs of the society, the social and cultural realities across the province, and so on.

Published
2019-01-31