EFFECTIVE TEACHING METHODOLOGY FOR TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE AT TERTIARY LEVEL
English language is a global language and it is essential for a second language learner to be proficient in it. It is the second language and has become the language of television, newspaper, law, mass media, radio, social circles, documentation, technology and economy in our country. So, it should be taught in a way that it will fulfill all the requirements properly. The day by day increasing demand of this language has also increased the demand of competent students. But most of the students cannot use English properly even after graduating. So, this research has investigated the effective teaching methodology for teaching English as second language at tertiary level. The research has been based on quantitative paradigm for the collection of data through the tools of close-ended questionnaires and structured observation. And, the data has been analyzed through SPSS software. Moreover, survey and simple random sampling has been used in this research, and teachers of English Department are included in the sample. This research has covered four universities including government and private universities of Karachi though simple random sampling. It has been analyzed that GTM and Direct Method are mostly used by the teachers, and other methods are ignored. And it is concluded that the teachers should use different methods and techniques for teaching according to needs of the learners, so eclectic approach should be used.