CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL POLICIES OF 1992, 1998 AND 2009 WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO EXAMINATION REFORMS IN SINDH BOARD

Authors

  • Sajida Perveen, Syed Abdul Aziz

Abstract

The objective of the study was to analyze the Educational Polices of Pakistan with specific focus on examination reforms during 1992 to 2009. .The scope of the study focused on the recommendations made by the policy makers regarding examination reforms which were included in the educational policies of 1992, 1998 and 2009. It reviews the observed phenomenon of service delivery failures in public examination in Pakistan although various initiatives ,programs and policies since 1947 to were introduced to increase the inputs to examination but do not produce effective services outputs where it may counts as students cognitive development as it required for competing the international education system. This was a mix-method study using a phenomenological approach for which a questionnaire and an interview protocol were designed to collect the data. Participants were identified through stratified random sampling design in which teachers were included from secondary and higher secondary level schools/colleges. Two hypotheses were formulated for the study. Data was analyzed by using t- test and through content analysis and it was found that education policies do not comprehensively focus on this important area of education system by which students and teacher learning may be measured due to dearth of research culture. This results in no major reforms in the process of reforms and improvement in the examination process both in academic and administrative sides and working of Boards of Education. On the basis of the findings concrete recommendations have been made

Downloads

Published

2021-09-30

How to Cite

Sajida Perveen, Syed Abdul Aziz. (2021). CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL POLICIES OF 1992, 1998 AND 2009 WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO EXAMINATION REFORMS IN SINDH BOARD. Pakistan Journal of Educational Research, 4(3). Retrieved from https://pjer.org/index.php/pjer/article/view/260