DISPOSITIONAL MINDFULNESS, SELF-ESTEEM, SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING, AND MENTAL HEALTH: CROSS-CULTURE STUDY
Several countries have studied dispositional mindfulness, self-esteem, subjective wellbeing, and mental health in their populations. However, a cross-cultural comparison of these constructs has not yet been conducted. The current study aimed to examine the role of these variables in three countries. A total of 764 college students from China, Indonesia, and Yemen were recruited to answer the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSES), Subjective Well-Being (SWB), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). The results showed that the Chinese students had higher dispositional mindfulness, self-esteem, and subjective well-being than the Indonesian and Yemeni students; in contrast, the Yemeni students reported higher mental health than the Chinese and Indonesian students. Further analysis revealed that self-esteem mediated the association between mindfulness and subjective well-being and mental health. According to moderation analysis, the country moderated the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and subjective well-being and mental health.