EXPLORING THE PRACTICES OF PEACE EDUCATION IN TEACHER TRAINING PROGRAMS AT HIGHER EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN
This study was designed for introducing peace education in pre-service teachers training programs in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Peace education is more effective and significant, when implemented according to the social and cultural perspective and the requirements of a country. It should develop the cultural and spiritual principles together with the world-wide human principles. The objectives of the present study were to find out the current practices of peace education and to determine the need of peace education in pre-service teacher training programs. Quantitative approach was used in this study. The research design of this study was survey and descriptive. Descriptive and survey research design is a technique in which huge data of quantitative and qualitative nature both were collected and analysed. The population of the study was comprised of all teacher educators and prospective teachers of Institute of educational research and department of education in all public sector universities in KP. And sample of the study consisted of 278 teacher educators and prospective teachers of Institute of educational research and department of education in all public sector universities in KP. For this research study for data collection self-structured questionnaire was used. The research tools cover all the aspects of peace education with relevant for pre-service teachers education. Research tool was properly validated from the experts of Peace education. First questionnaire was consisted 35 items after validation it decreases to 20 statements. All the statements related to peace education in pre-service teacher training programs. While the reliability of the questionnaire was insured through test retest method. Research personally visited all the selected institutes and collected the data. Hence, it was quantitative study by nature. So, data was analysed through SPSS (Version, 20). Both descriptive and inferential statistic for example percentage and frequencies was used in the interpretation of the data. The data were presented.