EFFORTS OF GOVERNMENT ON NON-FORMAL EDUCATION IN 21ST CENTURY: CONTENT ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICIES OF PAKISTAN
Education is considered a vital investment for human and economic development and is influenced by the environment within which it exists. In general, formal education is a way to provide education to people, but sometimes it is impossible to reach the needs of underprivileged children. Non-Formal Education (NFE) is an alternative approach to formal primary education. Non-formal education facilitates those children who left the formal education system before acquiring reading and writing skills. In Pakistan, literacy programs generally focus more on adults and young people who remain out of school. At the primary level, the non-formal education model focus on the idea of a single room, single teacher, and multiple age students. The main aim of current research work was to analyze the government efforts on Non-formal education programs. In the 21st century, the government introduced two education policies. The first one was National Education Policy 2009 and the second one was the National Education policy 2017. These policies indicated the government's efforts and strategies of enhancing the NFE programs. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the government initiatives and efforts about Non-formal education in Pakistan The overall outcome of this research paper reflects that the government highlighted and identified different aspects of Non-formal education in Pakistan both policies very effectively, but according to the present situation of Non-formal education schools, most of the government plans are unimplemented due to lack of funds, trained human resource and other competencies.