A CAUSAL COMPARATIVE STUDY OF LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES AND SCHOOL CULTURE OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN PUNJAB
The aim of the study is to describe the influence of principals’ leadership competencies on the culture of secondary schools. It also explored that which leadership competency is highly affecting the school culture. This study followed the positivist paradigm, therefore Retrospective casual comparative design of quantitative approach was employed. The population was comprised of all the public secondary school teachers of Punjab. Multi- stage random sampling techniques was used and a sample of 597 participants were selected as sample. Data were collected by using two instruments. The Competency Approach Survey (TCAS) questionnaire was consisted on 14 statements under 7 factors with Cronbach’s Alpha value of 0.79. Similarly, The School Culture Survey (TSCS) questionnaire has 41 statements under 7 factors with Cronbach’s Alpha value of 0.91. Study revealed the positive and moderate correlation exists between the leadership competencies and school culture with (r=.672, p=.000). Similarly, the results of regression showed a positive moderate effect of leadership competencies on school culture with (r2=.451, p=.000) Furthermore, male and female teachers have significant differences in their perceptions about leadership competencies and school culture. Cultivate a shared belonging were the most significant leadership competency while students and teachers was the most significant factor of school culture.