ENGLISH AS MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION AT SCHOOL LEVEL IN PAKISTAN: CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS
English Language plays a vital role in the Pakistani education system. Despite, it is used as a medium of instruction in many Pakistani educational institutions, a number of Pakistani teachers experience difficulties even in Basic English language skills. Hence, a need was felt to explore the problems that Pakistani school teachers encounter while teaching in English. This study was designed with objectives to explore problems faced by Pakistani school teachers related to English as a medium of instruction and the strategies they use to resolve the challenges. For this purpose, an open-ended questionnaire was designed to collect data from fifty-six school teachers of a private chain of schools in Karachi. The instrument was taken through self-validity, expert validity and pilot validity before data collection for this study. Consent was obtained from the school management to carry out the study and from the participants’ to participate in this study. The findings revealed that Science, Mathematics, Computer and Social Studies teachers at school level face multiple difficulties in teaching their respective subjects due to the problems connected to their English Language proficiency in basic English language skills (reading, writing, speaking and listening), pronunciation, spellings, grammar and vocabulary. The teachers use a dictionary, synonyms, and example to facilitate students; they also consult seniors, translate difficult words and subject-related terms in Urdu to help students understand the subjects. This study concludes that school teachers lack English language skills to carry out their teaching, hence, trainings should be arranged to help them develop the English language skill, which will ultimately improve the teaching-learning process in the classroom.