IMPLEMENTATION OF ACTIVITY BASED TEACHING AT PRIMARY LEVEL: A THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE
Activity-based teaching is a method of teaching in which the learners are active rather than passive. It is a student-centered teaching method in which the students show their involvement in self-learning and activities. These activities are based on learning strategies designed to increase the self-learning practices and to develop higher cognitive skills among the students and teacher. The major purpose of this study was to review the activity based in the educational settings in terms of its background, examples of its implications in the classrooms, and barriers to its application in the educational settings. The study concluded that the work of John Dewey and Kolb and many other scholars are of worth for the development of activity-based teaching in the world, especially for young children. Moreover, activity-based teaching has been practiced in many forms like dramatization, gamification/quizzes, brainstorming, experimentation, concept mapping, group discussion, role-play, and simulation, etc. Besides, lack of technology and resources in educational institutions in third world countries like Pakistan are major barriers for the implementation of activity-based teaching in addition to discipline issues, lack of trained teaching faculty, of time and money, etc.